How big a water storage tank do I need?

water storage tank

Why would any average resident need a water storage tank?

Around the world, if we learn nothing else in 2020 from the COVID-19 pandemic, hopefully, we learned to be more self-reliant and self-sustainable. We realized that toilet paper was a precious commodity as is the food we eat and the water we drink. Many of us started gardening, raising chickens, and storing water. With that in mind, today, we’re going to discuss the need and purpose of a water storage tank

While you can simply fill empty milk jugs or purchase containers for emergency water storage, tanks for this purpose are the healthier and safer way, if you know how. There is much more to it than just filling water into a water storage tank if you have intentions of consuming the water. 

How long do water storage tanks last?

Are you setting up a water tank storage for that garden you started for those times  when there isn’t any rain? Or is this water storage tank for emergency human and animal consumption in case your current water source is cut off? These are things that can decide what type of water tank you need and then how long it will last is the next concern. 

Annual maintenance is needed for any type of water storage tank and pump to keep it in proper condition and the water safe. If your water storage tank has a rubber bladder and pump inside, the air pressure has to be correct or the pump will short cycle, meaning it will repeatedly start and stop, then burn out. 

Additionally, when the inside air pressure is inadequate, the water tank bladder will be stretched in directions and manners that it isn’t designed to stretch, causing it to tear. Once the bladder is torn, the water storage tank isn’t any good. 

It is those two reasons why a regular routine of maintaining your water storage tank is so important. With proper maintenance, a water storage tank will last twenty years or more. How and what maintenance does water tank storage need, and how often should water storage tanks be cleaned?

Your water storage tank should be considered an important investment, this means taking care of the unit so that you have healthy, safe, potable water if and when the time comes that you need to use the contents. To ensure that the water inside your water tank storage is safe, care, inspection, and maintenance are essential. By following these four steps, you can be sure that the water inside your water storage tank is ready to use: 

A Maintenance Plan: Before purchasing your water storage tank, you need to review the different features and options available and choose the one that is right for your needs. These are things that will determine what type of maintenance is required to keep the tank clean. For example, if you choose a plastic water storage tank, it needs to be kept out of direct sun.  Sunlight promotes algae growth which can be detrimental to animals and humans. A plastic water storage tank should be made of complete block out color to eliminate penetration of the sun.

Filter the Water: The water needs to be filtered before going into the water storage tank, especially where rainwater collection is concerned. A diverter is recommended as well for water that passes through downspouts as rainwater washes off contaminants and dirt from the roof. A water tank storage should include a screen that filters debris like leaves, sticks, etc. and keep the screen clean and clear so the opening doesn’t become clogged from the debris it collects. 

Routine Regular Maintenance: Proper routine maintenance will ensure the water inside the water storage tank is safe from contamination. Some items included in this routine maintenance are: 

  • Make sure water storage tank is always covered with a tight fit that keeps animals, debris, insects, organic waste, and sunlight out. 
  • Clean and remove debris regularly, checking for any damage and make repairs or replacement of all the screens.
  • Keep the gutters and roof clean, keep tree branches trimmed back from the roof to keep animals off. 
  • Clean and remove any sediment and sludge on the water storage tank bottom once a year. 
  • Test the water inside the water storage tank tested for purity. You can hire a professional to perform the test or purchase a DIY test kit.

Clean and Disinfect:  Your water storage tank should be cleaned and disinfected thoroughly annually. The size of the tank and how accessible will determine the process and steps to do this, but the process will typically include using  water storage tank cleaner that you can purchase or create your own with a bleach and water mixture. This will kill any bacteria and remove any debris.

Two times a year, it is recommended to sanitized sanitize the water so that contamination is inhibited. This can be done by pouring one of water bleach mixed with water for every 500 gallons of stored water into the fill pipe. This regular maintenance routine and schedule will properly protect  your water storage tank, minimizing any contamination chances so that you have a safe water for your family’s usage. 

How do you kill bacteria in a water tank?

The basics to disinfect and shock chlorinate the contents of a water storage tanks is a mixture of one gallon of non-scented NSF-approved household bleach of 5.25% chlorine in the reservoir for every one-thousand gallons of water. On a smaller scale of water storage the mixture would be one quart of bleach to 250 gallons of water.

How do you treat a water storage tank?

For every five hundred gallons of water in the water storage tank, add one to one-and-half ounces of non-detergent chlorine bleach of a 5.25 concentration to a clean quart container half filled with water directly into the water storage tank.

water storage tanks

Can you bury a water tank?

Yes with a burial water storage tank that is engineered for underground storage. This style of water storage tank is typically low profile, giving it extra strength that withstands external and internal pressure from the surrounding dirt. 

For plastic water storage tank insulation, the least expensive way to minimize the water freezing is to wrap the sides and top with blankets made with ceramic fiber, fiberglass, mineral wool, or any cushioning material that contains layers of aluminum that reflects the heat. Before you purchase water tank storage insulation, measure the tank’s diameter and height, as well as the surface area so that you can get a square footage estimate.

When your water storage tank empty out, you need to clean the outside by scrubbing the internal surface with hot water and detergent. Using a pole-mounted brush, remove any algae, biofilm, corrosion, and sediment.

Next, clean the inside of the tank with a power washer to make sure all the detergent is gone then fill with hot water and let the tank sit for 6 to 8 hours. Drain the water with a portable pump so any dirt and rinse water is removed. Need a water storage tank in Aledo and Fort Worth, TX? Call 817-901-7775 today!