The Services Behind Clean Drinking Water
Clean, purified drinking water is perhaps the most essential, yet under-appreciated necessity for our daily life. Billions of dollars and countless man hours go into producing the fresh water that comes out of your tap. This convenient supply simply wouldn’t be possible without drinking water treatment.
What is drinking water treatment, and why does it matter for your daily life? Today, we’ll talk about the essential purification process, both at your city facility and in your home. You’ll soon see why these water services are so crucial for your continued health and safety!
At the Municipal Treatment Facility
As you may know already, most homeowners rely on a city water system for a constant, clean source of water. That purified water comes courtesy of your municipal water treatment facility. Without these modern systems, homeowners would experience a startlingly high rate of water-borne diseases.
What happens at a water treatment plant?
How is Water Treated in a Water Treatment Plant?
Treatment facilities have numerous concerns to address as they purify the water supply. These include a variety of dangerous microorganisms, in addition to harmful sediments. Each of these threats are targeted in five stages of treatment.
What are the 5 Stages of Water Treatment?
- Stage 1 – Coagulation: Chemical agents are introduced into the water which cause organic matter to break down.
- Stage 2 – Flocculation: A special stirring process causes the organic matter to cling to sediment on the water’s surface.
- Stage 3 – Sedimentation: Solid impurities are allowed to settle to the bottom of water basins, where 90% of solid impurities are removed.
- Stage 4 – Disinfection: The plant introduces chlorine into the water to neutralize harmful pathogens.
- Stage 5 – Filtration: The remaining water is gravity-fed through a series of filter mediums to eliminate the remaining solid impurities.
- Bonus Stage – Secondary Disinfection: Many water treatment facilities add a second round of chlorination, in addition to fluoride treatment.
If you’d like a more scientifically detailed description of the purification process, check out this city water department’s short guide!
Importance of Treatment
Why is Drinking Water Treatment Important?
In the past, water-borne diseases plagued homeowners and businesses around the country. With the advent of modern purification methods however, our cities began targeting the dangerous microorganisms which caused cholera, giardiasis, typhoid, dysentery, and gastroenteritis. Purification plays a huge role in the ongoing decline of disease across the world.
Unfortunately, not every homeowner has access to a treated city water supply. That’s why families without municipal water line access must take special precautions to safeguard their water supply. If your household relies on well water for day to day activities, make sure you have sufficient treatment systems in place.
Drinking Water Purification at Home
Despite the systematic purification process as local water facilities, some contaminants still manage to infiltrate our potable water supply. That’s why we occasionally learn of heart wrenching stories of rare microorganisms causing fatal brain damage or other intimidating health crises. While these incidents only affect a very small percentage of Americans, it still warrants taking some measures to protect your water supply.
Thus, we have home water treatment.
How Does Water Treatment Work?
Homeowners have a handful of options when it comes to safeguarding their water. The scale and functionality of the treatment depends on whether you choose a simple appliance-specific filter or a whole house water treatment solution.
Popular Drinking Water Treatment Methods
- Temporary Chemical Treatments
- Container-Based Filters
- Carbon Filtration Systems
- Ozone Filtration Products
- Reverse Osmosis Purification
Most homeowners rely on some sort of filtration system that prevents sediments from getting into their drinking water. Carbon, ozone, and reverse osmosis systems go a step further by targeting harmful metalloids, pathogenic threats, and mineral content. Each incorporates a tight meshwork that captures impurities in the water before they come for consumption. In the other hand, chemical treatments (provided by a specialist) use chlorine to eliminate potentially harmful microorganisms in the water supply.
How Do You Treat Sewer Water at Home?
Home-sized treatment options are still catching up with the industrial scale solutions that your local city facilities utilize. However, companies like Orenco Systems are already producing products for wastewater reuse for yard and utility applications. These utilize similar filtration techniques to remove contaminants and provide water that’s safe for non-consumption use.
While we may still be years away from a mainstream solution, many industry experts hope to create a convenient system for transforming waste back into safe drinking water. While that may be fantastic news for the community, we’ll need some time to get over the gross-factor!
Find Your Personal Treatment Solution!
While it may not feel as urgent as water heater repair or pipe replacement, contaminants represent a significant risk to our continued health. That’s why making a plan and having your house supply test is always a smart idea. At Elder's Pure Water, our Aledo and Fort Worth, TX drinking water treatment team would be happy to talk with you about your options for protecting your home supply. To learn more, call us at 817-901-7775!